American Heart Association finds CPR Training Disparities in U.S.

View the latest findings from the American Heart Association: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Training Disparities in the United States

Survey data for this research were collected by SSRS, using the SSRS Omnibus Survey

SSRS EVP David Dutwin co-authored the piece

Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is associated with increased survival from cardiac arrest, yet bystander CPR rates are low in many communities. The overall prevalence of CPR training in the United States and associated individual‐level disparities are unknown. The American Heart Association sought to measure the national prevalence of CPR training and hypothesized that older age and lower socioeconomic status would be independently associated with a lower likelihood of CPR training.

The American Heart Association administered a cross‐sectional telephone survey to a nationally representative adult sample. They assessed the demographics of individuals trained in CPR within 2 years (currently trained) and those who had been trained in CPR at some point in time (ever trained). The association of CPR training and demographic variables were tested using survey weighted logistic regression. Between September 2015 and November 2015, 9022 individuals completed the survey; 18% reported being currently trained in CPR, and 65% reported training at some point previously. For each year of increased age, the likelihood of being currently CPR trained or ever trained decreased (currently trained: odds ratio, 0.98; 95% CI, 0.97–0.99; P<0.01; ever trained: OR, 0.99; 95% CI, 0.98–0.99; P=0.04). Furthermore, there was a greater then 4‐fold difference in odds of being currently CPR trained from the 30–39 to 70–79 year old age groups (95% CI, 0.10–0.23). Factors associated with a lower likelihood of CPR training were lesser educational attainment and lower household income (P<0.01 for each of these variables).

About the SSRS Omnibus

The SSRS Omnibus is a national, weekly, dual-frame bilingual telephone survey designed to meet standards of quality associated with custom research studies. Our Omnibus is a cost-effective way to collect data from a nationally-representative random sample. The omnibus approach enables clients to share survey costs by combining their questions with other clients’ questions while maintaining exclusivity in their subject area.